Jitem

   The Gendarmerie Intelligence and Counterterrorist (Service) or JITEM (Turkish acronym for Jandarma Istihbarat ve Terorle Mucadele) is reportedly the intelligence service of the Turkish gendarmerie long surreptitiously active in the struggle against the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). Although this has been officially denied, former Turkish prime ministers Bulent Ecevit and Mesut Yilmaz have affirmed JITEM's existence. During the war against the PKK, JITEM became involved in such extralegal activities as arms and drug smuggling. It was also greatly feared for its counterguer-rilla activities and role in extrajudicial killings. Some even have claimed that JITEM not only fomented infighting in the PKK but also helped keep it operating to provide a rationale for JITEM's own continued existence.
   The first person to write about JITEM was Ayse Onal, a journalist for Aytes magazine, on 2 July 1994. JITEM was apparently established by retired General Veli Kucuk in 1971 and is part of the Deep State or Ergenekon, which illegally enforces ultranationalist interests in Turkey. Kucuk is currently under arrest as part of the Er-genekon investigations. Other JITEM founders include Ahmet Cem Ersever, Arif Dogan, Hasan Kundakci, Huseyin Kara, Hulusi Sayin, and Aytekin Ozen. Among the many reputed victims of JITEM were Ahmet Cem Ersever himself in 1993, gendarmerie forces general Esref Bitlis in 1993, and the famous Kurdish intellectual Musa Anter in 1992.
   See also Hizbullah (Turkey).

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • JİTEM — (Jandarma İstihbarat ve Terörle Mücadele, zu deutsch etwa Geheimdienst und Terrorabwehr der Gendarmerie) ist die Bezeichnung für einen informellen Nachrichtendienst der türkischen Gendarmerie, dessen Existenz vom türkischen Staat jahrelang… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • JITEM — ist die Bezeichnung für den Nachrichtendienst der türkischen Gendarmerie, dessen Existenz umstritten ist. Die Bezeichnung JİTEM fällt im Zusammenhang mit Verbrechen, die in der Türkei dem tiefen Staat zugerechnet werden. Die Abkürzung steht für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • JİTEM — est le nom du service de renseignements de la gendarmerie turque, donc l existence est contestée. JİTEM est l abréviation de Jandarma Istihbarat ve Terörle Mücadele (service de renseignements et antiterrorisme de la gendarmerie). L abréviation… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jandarma Istihbarat ve Terorle Mucadele — JİTEM ist die Bezeichnung für den Nachrichtendienst der türkischen Gendarmerie, dessen Existenz umstritten ist. Die Bezeichnung JİTEM fällt im Zusammenhang mit Verbrechen, die in der Türkei dem tiefen Staat zugerechnet werden. Die Abkürzung steht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • JİT — JİTEM JİTEM est le nom du service de renseignements de la gendarmerie turque, donc l existence est contestée. JİTEM est l abréviation de Jandarma Istihbarat ve Terörle Mücadele (service de renseignements et antiterrorisme de la gendarmerie). L… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jandarma İstihbarat ve Terörle Mücadele — (abbr. JİTEM , in en. Gendarmerie Intelligence and Counterterrorism) is a wing of the Turkish Gendarmerie, active in the Turkey PKK conflict. [cite news|url=http://turkishdailynews.com.tr/archives.php?id=1902 accessdate=2008 10 09 title=PKK… …   Wikipedia

  • Musa Anter — Musa Anter, also known by nickname Ape Musa (Kurdish: Apê Musa, literally Uncle Musa ), (1920, Nusaybin September 20, 1992, Diyarbakır), was a dissident Kurdish Turkish writer and activist.[1] He was a nationalist intellectual and murdered in… …   Wikipedia

  • Ergenekon network — The Ergenekon network or Ergenekon is an uncovered clandestine ultra nationalist organization in Turkey with ties to the country s military and security apparatus. According to the indictment prepared by three Turkish prosecutors handling the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ergenekon (Chronologie) — Die Chronologie zu Ergenekon beschreibt den Fortgang der Ereignisse rund um die Ergenekon Ermittlungen. Im Internet sind Chronologien zu Ergenekon an verschiedenen Stellen zu finden.[1] In ähnlicher Form ist eine Chronologie auch in der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Human rights in Turkey — Republic of Turkey This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Republic of Turkey …   Wikipedia

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